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Doubt Signal by Capt. Jerry Hasselbach

Captain Jerry Hasselbach, Lead NSAP® Assessor and Instructor at MITAGS, has had the ability over the last several years to witness and assess over 1000 NSAP® sessions. During these sessions, Captain Hasselbach has gained more knowledge and lessons learned than he could have originally imagined, leading to what has developed into a presentation on the Doubt Signal.

Certificates and Documents for Merchant Ships

  Ships must carry various certificates and documents on board to operate legally and to trade freely both nationally and internationally. The maritime industry commonly uses the terms “certificates” and “documents” interchangeably. Technically, however, certificates validate a fact, and documents provide evidence or proof of meeting a standard. This text will treat the two words […]